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Bilberry by Incostress

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Bilberry extract helps control blood sugar levels in mice, researchers have found.

Bilberry and other brightly colored foods such as blueberries, purple grapes, cherries and cranberries contain anthocyanins, which are thought to reduce blood sugar, improve insulin sensitivity and reduce obesity in laboratory mice.

To study these effects further, Japanese researchers used mice genetically predisposed to develop diabetes. The mice were fed either a diet containing bilberry extract (27 grams per kilogram) or their normal diet for five weeks.

The study authors found that bilberry extract lowered blood glucose and increased insulin sensitivity in the mice. It did this by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in white adipose (fat) tissue, skeletal muscle and the liver, the researchers explained. AMPK stimulates fat breakdown in liver and muscle, and modulates insulin secretion by the pancreas.

The effect of AMPK was accompanied by an increase in glucose transporter 4 (which helps glucose enter cells) in white adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, and suppression of glucose production and fat content in the liver. At the same time, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (an enzyme needed for fatty acid synthesis) was inactivated and there was activation of PPARa (a protein that modulates fat metabolism), acyl-CoA oxidase (an enzyme that plays a role in fatty acid metabolism), and carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1A (an enzyme needed for the breakdown of fatty acids) in the liver.

This “overlapping and coordinated adjustment of enzymes and other factors” seen in the mice that were fed the bilberry extract might also occur in humans, the researchers said. They recommended that clinical studies be conducted to test the effects of bilberry on human health, especially in people at increased risk for type 2 diabetes.

Source: Journal of Nutrition, news release, Feb. 12, 2010

C&G Medicare Ltd do not agree with testing on animals nor do we use or buy any  products which have been tested on animals. We research articles we believe may be beneficial to our readers.

We are interested in any recipes you may have which contain such fruits and would be interested to hear first hand if these sort of fruits have benefited you in any way. Please write to us via this blog or direct to info@incostress.com

Comments on: "Bilberry extract helps control blood sugar levels in mice, researchers have found." (4)

  1. Is there customer service available if I need help setting this up?

  2. Great article, thank you. I am very interested in finding a diet that lowers my sugar intake. I currently have a sweet-tooth, and am finding it difficult to find meal plans, what to eat for snacks, etc. While diabetes is not something that runs in my family, I am still concerned and would like to be smart and take a proactive approach to my health.

  3. In which could We uncover additional facts on this matter?

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