Causes of Celiac disease
Also known as celiac sprue, nontropical sprue and gluten-sensitive enteropathy, celiac disease occurs in people who have a susceptibility to gluten intolerance.
In the last 50 years that researchers have gained a better understanding of the condition.
Normally, your small intestine is lined with tiny, hair-like projections called villi. Resembling the deep pile of a plush carpet on a microscopic scale, villi work to absorb vitamins, minerals and other nutrients from the food you eat.
Celiac disease results in damage to the villi. Without villi, the inner surface of the small intestine becomes less like a plush carpet and more like a tile floor, and your body is unable to absorb nutrients necessary for health and growth.
Instead, nutrients such as fat, protein, vitamins and minerals are eliminated with your stool.
The exact cause of celiac disease is unknown, but it’s often inherited.
If someone in your immediate family has it, chances are 5 percent to 15 percent that you may as well. It can occur at any age.
It is possible the disease emerges after some form of trauma: an infection, a physical injury, the stress of pregnancy, severe stress or surgery.
Part of the reason for under diagnosis of celiac disease may be because the disorder resembles several other conditions that can cause mal absorption.
Another reason may be that if doctors believe a condition to be rare, they may look to more common disorders to explain a person’s signs and symptoms. In addition, specific blood tests now allow for diagnosis of people with celiac disease who have very mild signs and symptoms or none at all.